Animals Small Pets

Gerbils: Your Ultimate Guide to Friendly and Furry Pets

Gerbils are small rodents that belong to the same family as mice and rats. They are native to Africa and Asia, where they live in dry and sandy habitats. Gerbils are social animals that form strong bonds with their mates and family members. They are also very curious and active, and they love to dig tunnels and explore their surroundings. Gerbils are popular pets because they are easy to care for, inexpensive, and fun to watch.

What Do Gerbils Look Like?


There are many different species of gerbils, but the most common one kept as a pet is the Mongolian gerbil. This species has brownish-gray fur on its back and a white belly. It has a long, furry tail that ends with a black tuft. It also has large ears and eyes that help it to hear and see well in the dark. A Mongolian gerbil can grow up to 8 inches long, including its tail, and weigh up to 4.5 ounces.

Other species of gerbils have different colors and patterns of fur, such as black, white, gold, or spotted. Some gerbils have shorter tails or no tails at all. Some gerbils have longer fur or spiky fur. Some gerbils have larger or smaller ears or eyes. All gerbils have sharp teeth that grow continuously throughout their lives. They need to chew on hard materials, such as wood, seeds, or nuts, to keep their teeth from becoming too long and causing problems.

How Do Gerbils Live in the Wild?

Gerbils are adapted to live in harsh and dry environments, such as deserts, grasslands, and steppes. They are mostly active at night, when the temperature is cooler and there are fewer predators.

During the day, they stay in their burrows, which are complex systems of tunnels and chambers that they dig with their claws and teeth. They use their burrows to hide from enemies, store food, and raise their young.


Gerbils are very social animals that live in groups called clans. A clan usually consists of a breeding pair and their offspring. Sometimes, other relatives or friends may join the clan. They communicate with each other using sounds, scents, and body language. They groom each other, play together, and sleep together.

Gerbils are very loyal to their clan members and will defend them from intruders. They can recognize each other by their unique smells. If they encounter a gerbil from another clan, they may fight or run away.

Gerbils are omnivorous animals, which means they eat both plants and animals. Their main food sources are seeds, roots, nuts, and insects. They have cheek pouches that they use to carry food to their burrows.

Gerbils can survive without drinking water for a long time because they get most of the moisture they need from their food. They also have kidneys that can concentrate their urine and conserve water.

How Do Gerbils Reproduce?

Gerbils can breed all year round, but they are more likely to do so in the spring and summer when the weather is warmer and the food is more abundant. The female gerbil, called a doe, can have several litters of babies, called pups, in a year. The male gerbil, called a buck, helps the doe take care of the pups.

gerbils pups
gerbils pups

The gestation period, which is the time between mating and giving birth, is about 24 days. The litter size can range from one to eight pups, but the average is four. The pups are born blind, hairless, and helpless. They depend on their mother’s milk for the first three weeks of their lives. The doe nurses the pups in a nest that she makes in the chamber of the burrow. The buck guards the entrance of the burrow and brings food to the doe.

The pups grow very fast and start to develop fur, eyes, and teeth after a week. They begin to explore the burrow and eat solid food after two weeks. They are fully weaned and independent after four weeks. They can join their parents in digging, foraging, and playing. They can also start to form their own clans and mates when they are two to three months old.

The lifespan of a gerbil is about two to three years.

How Do Gerbils Make Good Pets?

Gerbils are popular pets because they are easy to care for, inexpensive, and fun to watch. They are also very friendly and gentle, and they can become tame with regular handling. They rarely bite unless they are scared or hurt. They are also very clean and odorless, and they do not need much grooming.

Gerbil as a Pet

cages for gerbils
cages for gerbils

To keep a gerbil as a pet, you will need a suitable cage, bedding, food, water, toys, and accessories. The cage should be made of glass or metal, and it should have a secure lid to prevent escapes. The cage should be large enough to allow the gerbil to move around and exercise.

The cage should also have a deep layer of bedding, such as wood shavings, paper, or hay, to let the gerbil dig and burrow. The cage should be cleaned regularly to remove any waste and spoiled food.

Food for Gerbil

The food for a pet gerbil should be a balanced mix of seeds, grains, pellets, and fresh fruits and vegetables. You can buy commercial gerbil food from a pet store or make your own. You should also provide your gerbil with fresh water in a bottle or a bowl.

You should avoid giving your gerbil any foods that are salty, sugary, fatty, or spicy, as they can cause health problems.

Toys for Gerbil

toys for gerbils
toys for gerbils

The toys and accessories for a pet gerbil should be safe and stimulating. You can provide your gerbil with wooden blocks, cardboard tubes, ceramic pots, or plastic balls to chew on and play with. You can also give your gerbil a wheel, a tunnel, a hammock, or a nest box to exercise and rest in.

You should avoid giving your gerbil any toys or accessories that are made of soft plastic, rubber, or metal, as they can be harmful if swallowed.

Gerbils are very social animals, and they need companionship. You should keep at least two gerbils of the same sex, preferably from the same litter. If you keep a single gerbil, you will need to spend a lot of time with it and give it a lot of attention. You should also handle your gerbil gently and regularly to make it trust you and bond with you. You should avoid handling your gerbil by its tail, as it can cause injury or stress.


Gerbils are amazing animals that have many interesting features and behaviors. They are also wonderful pets that can bring joy and entertainment to their owners. If you are looking for a small, cute, and easy-to-care-for pet, you might want to consider getting a gerbil. However, you should also remember that gerbils are living creatures that have needs and feelings. You should love your gerbil and treat it with kindness and care. If you do, you will have a loyal and loving friend for life.

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